A good night’s rest

时间:2022-1-2 作者:知行英语网

BBC Learning English
6 Minute English
A good night’s rest
6 Minute English © bbclearningenglish.com 2009
Page 1 of 4
Kate: Hello, I’m Kate Colin and this is 6 Minute English. Today I’m joined by
Rebecca Byrne and we’re talking about sleep, or lack of it. Hi Rebecca, I have
a question for you to start the programme with – how many hours sleep do you
need a night?
Rebecca: I need on average 7 to 8 hours I think to feel….human at least.
Kate: That’s a good long time. Well, this month is National Bed Month – an event
which is organised by The Sleep Council. Their aim is to remind us of the
importance of getting a good night’s sleep. 40 years ago most people got 8
hours sleep a night. But with busy lifestyles today, we’re more likely to get
around 6, which is not enough for most people. So in today’s programme
we’re going to talk about what happens when you don’t get enough sleep.
Rebecca: (yawns) I’m feeling pretty tired already actually…why don’t you wake me up
with the question for this week?
Kate: Alright then, here we go. What is the longest time someone has managed to go
without sleep?
a) 20 days
b) 11 days
c) 3 days
Rebecca: Answers
6 Minute English © bbclearningenglish.com 2009
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Kate: Okay, we’ll check your answer at the end of the programme. Not sleeping enough
is sometimes referred to as ‘sleep deprivation’. To be deprived of something
means to not have enough. This is something which unfortunately is beginning to
affect many school children today. Listen to the following extract to hear a teacher
talking about what happens when her pupils don’t get enough sleep. Can you tell
me what she says are some of the symptoms of sleep deprivation?
It shows in all sorts of different ways, concentration is poor, behaviour gets worse as the week
goes on, as the kids are getting less and less sleep.
Rebecca: She said that their concentration is poor. If someone’s ‘concentration is poor’ it
means that they are lees able to think clearly. She also says that they do not
behave well, so they may be talking a lot and not able to do much work.
Kate: That’s correct. In the next extract she mentions ‘sleeping in’. This is an
expression we use when we can spend longer that usual in bed because we don’t
have to get up for work or school. Or we can ‘sleep in’ by mistake, when we fail to
wake up when we’re supposed to. For example, I was late for work today because
‘I slept in’. On to the clip…
Over the weekend, they get the chance often to sleep in on Saturday or Sunday and so they
can catch up on some of the sleep and so by Friday, tempers are getting very frayed because
they’re just very stressed, tetchy and sleepy.
Rebecca: So, she said they get the chance to ‘sleep in’ at the weekends. She also says as
the week goes on, her students get more and more tired. The symptoms of
being tired are that ‘tempers are frayed’ and they are ‘stressed’, ‘tetchy’ and
Kate: Yes, the expression ‘tempers are frayed’ means to get ‘easily angry’.
6 Minute English © bbclearningenglish.com 2009
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Rebecca: and ‘tetchy’ is often used when talking about how you feel when you haven’t
had enough sleep, it means easily angered or upset.
Kate: Next we’re going to hear what a sleep expert has to say about the effect of not
getting enough sleep. See if you can hear what are the main areas?
Where it’s damaging (I think there’s at least 3 general areas). One intellectually – sleep is
important for concentration and vigilance. Another aspect is behavioural. They tend to
become tetchy and irritable and hostile during the day.
Kate: He says there are 3 general areas where which are affected by sleep deprivation.
The first was that it can be damaging intellectually. He says that sleep is important
for ‘concentration’ and for ‘vigilance’. What do these words mean?
Jackie: ‘Concentration’ is the ability to think clearly and carefully about one thing in
particular. To do mathematics or to read a book for example, requires
Kate: …..and ‘vigilance’?
Rebecca: ‘Vigilance’ is the ability to pay attention and to notice things, especially possible
Kate: He also goes on to say that another negative aspect of sleep deprivation is
‘behavioual’. This word relates to how the children are behaving and acting in the
classroom. They can be ‘techty’, ‘irratible’ and ‘hostile’. We came across the
word ‘techty’ earlier but what do the other words mean?
Rebecca: ‘Irritable’ means that someone becomes annoyed very easily and ‘hostile’ means
unfriendly and likely to be disagreeable.
6 Minute English © bbclearningenglish.com 2009
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Kate: Exactly, let’s listen to the last clip…
I think also more worryingly, there’s also this association with obesity and the kids getting
sleep tend to be the fatter kids.
Rebecca: He said that it has an association with ‘obesity’. Obesity is when people weigh too
much or are too fat for their height. I suppose this much be related to sleep
deprivation because when you’re tired, you do tend to eat more.
Kate: So let’s go over some of the vocabulary we came across today:
We had sleep deprivation which means to not have enough sleep
sleep in, when we spend longer than usual in bed
tempers are getting very frayed means to get easily angry
tetchy is to be irritable, easily angered or upset
concentration is the ability to think clearly and carefully
vigilance is the ability to pay attention and to notice things, especially possible
hostile is unfriendly and likely to be disagreeable
obesity is extremely overweight or fat
Finally to the question I asked earlier. What is the longest someone has gone
without sleep?
Rebecca: I said 3 days.
Kate: I’m afraid you were wrong. It’s actually an incredible 11 days! The record was
broken by 17 year old Andy Gardner in 1964. Well that’s all we have time for
today. I hope we’ve convinced you to get a good night’s sleep tonight.
Both: Until next time – goodbye!(本文由在线英语听力室整理编辑)

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